The New Zealand TAB initiated the world’s first Government-run totalisator betting service in 1951. The TAB (totalisation agency board) is run by the New Zealand Racing board and controls all of New Zealand’s horse, greyhound and sports gambling. They have branches set up all over New Zealand as well as at all race meets. In 1996 it added fixed odds betting to its horse and greyhound gambling options, when the TAB began sports betting.The three racing sports that New Zealanders bet on before fixed odds Sports betting was made legal were;New Zealand Thoroughbred Racing (gallops)Harness Racing New Zealand (trotting and pacing)New Zealand Greyhound Racing (greyhounds)Now over 26 sports are covered with sports from all over the world, including baseball, rugby, football, golf, tennis and cricket to shearing.In 2003 when the New Zealand racing board was set up it conducted a survey the found out that racing;Generates some 1.3% of New Zealand’s gdp – around $1.5bn per yearCreates some 18,300 full time jobs, generating more than $679m in salaries and wages. That’s the figure, measured in “full time equivalents”Generates more than $130m in export sales of horsesHolds more than 780 race meetings a year, attended by more than 1.04m customers.Since 1994 when the Christchurch Casino opened the government has given out 6 licences to companies for legalised Casinos to operate in New Zealand. At this stage the NZ government will not be issuing any more licenses. The Casinos are located in Auckland, Hamilton, Christchurch, Dunedin and two in Queenstown.It is no surprise that all of the casinos are flourishing and they are returning some of there profit to the community through sponsorship and grants to charities.The Casinos have also opened the way for pubs/bars and sports clubs around New Zealand to place “pokies” (electronic gambling machines) in their establishments. A large amount of the profit off these “pokies” is given back to the community through government grants and sponsorships given out by the sports club or pub/bar.With the increased in gambling it is of no surprise to anyone that there has been an increased level in gambling related crime and illness. This is the price you have to pay to bring the many jobs and money to the communities that have gambling establishments near them.New Zealand has embraced casino gambling with both hands and if you can control your emotion and that feeling to bet just a little bit more, it can be a fun way of having a bet and a nice meal.
Las Vegas, Nevada, is the most famous city for gambling in the world. The city of Las Vegas used as a scene in several Hollywood movie productions and TV shows. Since the early 1990s the Las Vegas Boulevard, also called the Strip, has become the centre of tourism and gambling. Then many hotels and wellness resorts opened their doors at the Strip. As a result, the hotel and casino managers from the city center of Nevada decided to build a new attraction in order to make their Hotels and Casinos more attractive. As a result was born the idea of the Fremont Street Experiment (FSE).The Fremont Street plays an important role in the history of gambling and entertainment in Las Vegas. In 1906 the first Las Vegas hotel opened its doors- the Hotel Nevada. The Northern Club got the first gambling license. Today an association of ten Downtown Nevada Casinos and Hotels manage the Downtown attraction FSE. The largest casino and hotel resort at the FSE is the Golden Nugget. The casino area for gaming is 38,000 square foot. Originally, it was built in 1946 and it was the first building designed as a casino in Nevada. During the last few years, the Golden Nugget was renovate and recently is expanding its capacity by building a new hotel tower. In the lobby of the Golden Nugget is display the world’s largest nugget of gold found by a metal detector called the Hand of Faith (27,21 kilograms). It was in 1980 established by Kevin Hillier in Australia and later was sold to the Golden Nugget Las Vegas Casino.The oldest and the smallest hotel at the FSE is the Golden Gate Hotel and Casino. It was the first hotel that was opened in Las Vegas. In 1907, one year after the opening, the first telephone of the entire city was installed at the hotel, which was called Nevada Hotel then. Thus it had the telephone number “1”. Since 1959, the biggest attraction of the casino was invented, the shrimp cocktail. During the last 50 years, the shrimp cocktail has become the signature attraction of this FSE casino.The world’s largest slot machine located in a 40,000 square foot gambling area is the key attraction of the Four Queens, another FSE Hotel and Casino. Since the opening in 1966, the casino has expanded several times. The latest attraction is opening the first casino club in the city center.The Fitzgeralds is another one of the famous casinos in the city center of Las Vegas casinos. The hotel is located in 34 floors building at the FSE. The theme of the casino is “The luck of the Irish” including the famous leprechaun mascot and shamrocks. Almost 1000 slot machines and 29 gaming tables are located in the 42,000 square foot of the casino.